OV2640 – Specs, Datasheets, Cameras, Features, Alternatives

OV2640, an evergreen image sensor from OmniVision. It was released in 2005 and discontinued in 2009, yet still used a lot in today’s products. While this image sensor remains popular, there are also uncertainties ahead. You may have questions like the followings:

  • What’s good about it? 
  • What makes it so popular? 
  • How to deal with its end-of-life issue?

As one of the major advocates of OV2640, Arducam will answer your questions in this article.

Let’s get started.

Table Of Contents

OV2640 Specs

AttributeValues
Array Size1600 x 1200 (UXGA)
Power SupplyCore: 1.3V DC ± 5%
Analog: 2.5~3.0V DC
I/O: 1.7V to 3.3V
Power ConsumptionYUV mode full res & framerate: 125mW
Compressed mode full Res & framerate: 140mW
Standby:600μA
Image Sensor FormatType 1/4″
Maximum Image Transfer Rate1600×[email protected],
[email protected],
[email protected]
Sensitivity0.6V/Lux-sec
S/N ratio40dB
Dynamic Range50dB
Pixel Size2.2 x 2.2 μm
Dark Current15mV/s at 60°C
Well Capacity1.2Ke
Fixed Patter Noise<1% of VPEAK-TO-PEAK
Image Area3590 x 2684 μm
Package Dimensions5725 x 6285 μm
ResolutionUXGA SVGA and below
Output FormatYUV/RGB/Raw RGB Data
Shutter TypeRolling Shutter
Color Filter ArrayRGB Bayer Array
ISP FunctionsAE, AWB, Sharpness, Noise Reduction, Defect Reduction, Gamma, Color Saturation, Special Effects

Release in 2005, it was the world’s first fully-integrated Type 1/4-inch 2 MP Image sensor. 

In its product brief back in 2006, we can see the full specs of this camera module.

ov2640 product brief 2006
The Product Brief of OV2640 back in 2006

OV2640 Datasheet

Here you can download the OV2640 datasheet.

ov2640 datasheet

Get OV2640 camera solutions from Arducam

Arducam offers OV2640 Compact Camera Modules (CCM), ESP32 Cams, OV2640 Camera Breakout Boards, SPI cameras. ​

As well as alternative image sensors and solutions to the OV2640.

Off-the-shelf products

OV2640 Camera Modules

OV2640 ESP32 CAM

Why OV2640 is an excellent sensor

Compared to the latest Huawei or iPhone camera, OV2640 is not fancy at all in terms of the sensor format, the resolution, the image quality.

But it doesn’t bother make the OV2640 to be an excellent image sensor.

The OV2640 is a SOC sensor that has an on-chip ISP which can do auto-exposure, auto-white balance in such a small sensor package to represent a nice image.

The sensor interface is DVP which standards for digital video port, a kind of parallel source synchronization camera interface with 8bit data, horizontal/vertical synchronization signal, and an associated pixel clock.

timing dvp OV5642
Example: DVP timing specifications of OV5642

It is very friendly to most of the low-end ARM and RISC microcontrollers like STM32, ESP32, compared to the MIPI interface, only high-end processors support such camera interface.

The most important feature of OV2640 is the hardware JPEG encoder, it off-loads the processing power and reduces memory footprint usage from the microcontrollers.

A typical 1600×1200 RGB565/YUV format image occupies 3.66MB RAM space, while a JPEG format same decent image only occupies 150KB, almost x25 compression ratio.

With lower image resolution or higher compression ratio, the output JPEG image size will be even smaller, that can be easily stored and processed in microcontrollers internal RAM memory. It is huge!

In conclusion, a friendly camera interface, nice image quality, powerful on-chip ISP with JPEG encoding, makes the OV2640 image sensor unique and popular for IoT camera applications at all times.

OV2640 on Arduino

In 2012, the Arducam team firstly introduced the OV2640 sensor into the Arduino platform with our SPI camera solution and made the camera driver opensource. (After that the OV2640 is ported to STM32 and ESP32 platforms and so on.)

This Arduino-compatible camera was a huge success. It was impossible for a microcontroller like Arduino to handle image sensor with a resolution as high as 2MP or above.

Here is the original blog of release the Arduino camera solution back in 2012.

ArduCAM – An Arduino Camera Shield

This camera shield is replaced by newer Rev.C+ shield and ArduCAM-Mini board ArduCAM is Arduino based open source camera platform which is well mated to Arduino boards.  It now supports Arduino UNO board and we will add support Mega1280/2560 and new released Leonardo,  Maple and Chipkit are also in planning.

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OV2640 on ESP32

The ESP32 could not support a camera in the first place. At around the end of 2018, it is updated to support a parallel camera. As the newer ESP32 boards with a camera interface comes with PSRAM, the camera application is easier on this microcontroller for IoT applications, or even simple AI application.

Arducam’s also offered an ESP32-based board in Arduino UNO form factor that supports parallel cameras:

arducam-iotai-esp32-camera-module-arduino-uno-r3-board

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OV2640 CCM Compact Camera Modules

We offer various kinds of OV2640 CCM camera modules with a different lens and cable length. Let us know if you have specific needs for the module.

OV2640 Alternative

The OV2640 is so nice, but it has been EOL for more than 10 years. You might be curious why there are still so many camera modules available on the market?

This sensor was targeted to the mobile phone industry, the production volume is quite large, there is a lot of stock out there. You still need to be aware of the supply issue when using this camera into your own product and find some alternatives.

Arducam carries a list of camera modules that features on-chip ISP, DVP camera interface and JPEG compression engine, and can be an alternative to the current OV2640 camera.

1. 720p sensor

NT99141 is from Novatek which is 1/4″ 1280×720 image sensor with 8bit parallel camera interface with build-in ISP processing of following features:

  • 1) Pixel Size: 3.0um x 3.0um
  • 2) Shutter: electronic rolling shutter
  • 3) Frame rate: 640×[email protected], 1280×[email protected]
  • 4) Color Filter Arrays: RGB Bayer pattern
  • 5) Power consumption: [email protected] JPG, standby < 10uA
  • 6) Output format: YCbCr 4:2:2, RGB565, RGB555, RGB444, Raw, CCIR656, JPEG encoding
  • 7) On-chip scaling from 1280×720
  • 8) Auto exposure (AE), Auto-White Balance (AWB) control functions
  • 9) Support Sharpness, noise reduction, defect correction, gamma, color saturation adjustment.
  • 10) Sepcical effects

2. 2MP MT9D111

MT9D111 is original from Micron, later Aptina and now ONSemi. Like the OV2640, the MT9D111 sensor is built at the same age but it is still in production. The MT9D111 is 1/3.2″ 1600×1200 image sensor with 8bit parallel camera interface with build-in ISP processing of following features. Note that the MT9D111 JPEG encoder doesn’t include a JPEG header in the video stream, user need to append the JPEG header to create a viewable image. This is the main encoder difference from the OV2640.

  • 1) Pixel Size: 2.8um x 2.8um
  • 2) Shutter: electronic rolling shutter
  • 3) Frame rate: 800×[email protected] for prewiew, 1600×[email protected] for still
  • 4) Color Filter Arrays: RGB Bayer pattern
  • 5) Power consumption: [email protected]
  • 6) Output format: YCbCr 4:2:2, RGB565, RGB555, RGB444, Raw, JPEG encoding
  • 7) Auto exposure (AE), Auto-White Balance (AWB), Auto-Focus (AF) control functions

3. 3MP

OV3640, OV3660 are 3MP 2048 x 1536 (QXGA) SoC image sensors from Omnivision. They are both upgrade version of the 2MP OV2640. OV3640 is 1/4″ sensor while the OV3660 is cost down version that is 1/5″ sensor.

SensorOV3640OV3660
Optical size1/4″1/5″
Pixel Size1.75um x 1.75um1.4um x 1.4um
Active Resolution2048×15362048×1536
Color FilterRGB Bayer PatternRGB Bayer Pattern
Shutter TypeElectronics Rolling ShutterElectronics Rolling Shutter
Frame Rate2048×[email protected] 1024×[email protected]2048×[email protected] 1080[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]
Output FormatYUV422/420, YCbCr422, RGB565/555/444, RAW, JPEGYCbCr422, RGB565/555/444, RAW, JPEG
InterfaceDVPDVP
AWB,AE
Noise Reduction
Lens Shading Correction
Gamma Correction
Windowing and Cropping
Flip/Mirror

4. 5MP

OV5640, OV5642, MT9P111, S5K4ECGX, they are 5MP 1/4″ SoC image sensors with on-chip ISP and JPEG compression.

OV5640 and OV5642 are from Omnivision. OV5642 is used on Arducam Mini 5MP Plus SPI camera and OV5640 is big brother of OV5642. MT9P111 is from ONSemi, and S5K4ECGX is from Samsung.

Sensor SpecOV5640OV5642MT9P111S5K4ECGX
Optical size  1/4″1/4″1/4″1/4″
Pixel Size1.4um x 1.4um1.4um x 1.4um1.4um x 1.4um1.4um x 1.4um
Active Resolution2592×19442592×19442592×19442592×1944
Color Filter  RGB Bayer PatternRGB Bayer PatternRGB Bayer PatternRGB Bayer Pattern
Shutter TypeElectronics Rolling ShutterElectronics Rolling ShutterElectronics Rolling ShutterElectronics Rolling Shutter
Frame Rate   [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected][email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected][email protected] [email protected] [email protected][email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]  
Output FormatYUV422/420, YCbCr422, RGB565/555/444, RAW, JPEGYUV422/420, YCbCr422, RGB565/555/444, RAW, JPEGYCbCr422, RGB565/555/444, RAW, JPEGYUV422, RGB565, RGB888, RAW, JPEG
InterfaceDVP and MIPIDVP and MIPIDVP and MIPIDVP and MIPI  
AWB,AE, AF
Noise Reduction
Lens Shading Correction
Gamma Correction
Windowing and Cropping
Flip/Mirror  

Why do you like to use the OV2640 Camera Module?

Leave your comment below!

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