Why do you need to install drivers for the Arducam USB camera shield?
Technically, all USB devices need a driver to work on a host. To avoid loading too many drivers separately, some devices have been designed to support certain standards, so they become one of a standardized USB device class. The USB class includes several sub-classes with class-identifying names, and the drivers for these classes have already been included in the operating system. For a USB drive, it’s classified as “Mass Storage”; for a webcam, it’s “Video.”
If a camera supports the “Video” class standards, it’s supposed to work driver-free over different platforms. Arducam USB camera shield is not a USB Video Class (UVC) device, so you need to install drivers for it to work. However, if you do want a standardized driver-free USB camera, check Arducam USB UVC camera modules.
Device Driver Installation
Please download the device driver from GitHub. The Windows device driver is located in Drivers folders like WinXP, Win7 or Win10. In each driver folder, there are x64 and x86 folders for 64bit and 32bit systems respectively.
When installing the driver on Windows, you might need to disable the Windows driver signature by following the two video below:
Plug the USB cable into the camera and the host PC USB port, and you should be able to see a notification from the lower right of the taskbar. The auto-installation of the driver will fail, and we have to install the USB camera driver manually.
Go to Start -> Settings -> Control-Panel -> Device Manager, right-click the unknown device and select “Update Driver Software”.
You can also right-click This PC and then click Manage to find the Device Manager under System Tools on Windows 10.
Select the “Browse my computer for driver software”,
Select “Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer”.
Select “Show All Devices”.
Press the “Have Disk” button.
Enter the path to the ArduCAM USB2 driver, where you save the downloaded file from GitHub.
Confirm the installation of the driver by pressing “Yes”. Confirm the installation again by pressing “Install”.
You will successfully install the driver like this.